23 April 2017

India and Republic of Korea sign for Defence Industry Co-Operation in Shipbuilding

India and the Republic of Korea (RoK) signed an Inter-governmental Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for Defence Industry Co-operation in Shipbuilding.

Salient points of the MoU

  • Develop and strengthen defence industry co-operation between Republic of India and the Republic of Korea.
  • Two sides will recommend the organisations for collaborating in the implementation of specific projects.
  • The organisations recommended for co-operative projects may conclude separate agreements (contracts) between them to implement the specific projects.
  • MoU will come into effect from the date of signature by both sides and will be initially valid for a period of five years and would be automatically extendable for further successive five year at a time.
  • To substantiate the Special Strategic Partnership, the two sides had inter-alia agreed to encourage greater co-operation between their shipyards in the defence sector.
  • Accordingly, it was decided to sign an inter-governmental MoU on Defence Industry Co-operation in Shipbuilding.

Significance

Co-operation with the recommended Korean Shipyard would enable Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) to upgrade and modernise its facilities and execute naval shipbuilding projects in a timely and cost effective manner. HSL would be able to imbibe best practices in shipbuilding leading to effective project management. the production of HSL is expected to grow substantially, leading to creation of more employment avenues.

Source : Pib

GS III : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests


Land attack variant of BrahMos missile

The Indian Navy successfully carried out the maiden test-firing of the land attack variant of BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from a stealth frigate in the Bay of Bengal.

Details

  • The test-firing is seen as a major capability addition as, so far, the Navy has inducted only the anti-ship variant in many of the frontline vessels.
  • The land attack variant provides the naval ships the capability to precisely neutralise selected targets deep inland, far away from coast, from stand-off ranges at sea.
  • Majority of the frontline ships of the Navy, like the Kolkata, Ranvir and Teg classes of ships, are capable of firing this missile.

About BrahMos supersonic cruise missile

  • BrahMos, derived from Russian P-800 Oniks or Yakhont missile, is a joint product of India and Russia.
  • It is a short-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land.
  • The present range of the BrahMos is 290 km, which is now in the process of being extended up to 450 km following India’s entry into the Missile Technology Control Regime last year.

Source : The Hindu

GS III : Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology


World Bank loan for National Waterway-1 on Ganga

The World Bank has approved a loan of $375 million for capacity augmentation of National Waterway-1 (NW-1) on the river Ganga under the Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP).

Key Facts

  • The financial assistance from the World Bank would help to develop the Rs 5,369-crore NW-1 from Haldia to Varanasi.
  • The project will enable commercial navigation of vessels with capacity of 1,500-2,000 deadweight tonnes along a 1,390-km stretch.

Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP)

  • It involves developing a 1,620-km navigable waterway between Haldia and Varanasi.It involves developing a 1,620-km navigable waterway between Haldia and Varanasi.
  • This will enable commercial navigation of at least 1,500-tonne vessels.
  • The project will be completed over six years at an estimated cost of Rs. 4,200 crore.
  • NW-1 is a waterway of national significance passing through Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, serving the cities of Allahabad, Varanasi, Ghazipur, Bhagalpur, Patna, Howrah, Haldia and Kolkata, and their industrial hinterland including several industries located in the Ganga basin.
  • The rail and road corridors in this region are already saturated.
  • The project entails the construction of terminals and development of ferry services.
  • Inland Waterways Authority of India will set up a River Information Service System (like air-traffic control for airways) on NW-1, the first of its kind in India.

Source : Live Mint

GS III : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc


Underwater tunnels to connect Howrah with Kolkata

The construction of the first underwater metro tunnel in the country cutting deep inside the bed of the Hooghly river. By the end of July, two tunnels running parallel will connect the twin cities of Howrah and Kolkata located on either side of the Hooghly. The construction is a first in India, the two 520-metre structures are part of a 10.8 km underground stretch and are crucial to the East West Metro project

About the Tunnel

  • The tunnels are being dug at a depth of 30 metres below the earth’s surface and 13 metres below the riverbed.
  • The twin tunnels, about 520 metres long, are crucial to the much-awaited ₹ 8,900 core East West Metro project that will connect Salt Lake Sector V in the eastern part of Kolkata to the Howrah Maidan across the river.
  • The diameter of the two tunnels running across the river is 5.5 metres and the distance between the two tunnels will vary at different places.

Concern over heritage site

  • Three heritage buildings in Kolkata and the existing rules, construction and mining operations are prohibited within 100 meters of protected monuments.
  • over the concern of Archaeological Survey of India, an expert committee from the Indian Institute of Technology found no adverse affect on the protected monuments.

Source : The Hindu

GS III : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc


Indo-Bangla bridge connectivity

Tripura government has commenced the land acquisition process for the construction of India-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge.

About the Project

  • India-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge constructed over river Feni that demarcates boundaries between the two countries in south Tripura.
  • The process for acquiring land for a four-lane approach road and a connecting road on Indian side in southern Tripura has also begun.
  • the construction of the 150-metre bridge which will connect Sabroom of India and Ramgarh in Bangladesh.
  • The bridge would facilitate implementation of a protocol India earlier signed with Bangladesh to use Chittagong sea port as a ‘port of call’.
  • The port is 72 kilometre away from Sabroom.
  • India is also expanding rail network up to Sabroom to handle cargo consignments that would arrivefrom Chittagong port.
  • Ultimate connectivity plan is to benefit Tripura and other landlocked northeastern States with international and domestic shipments using the sea port.

Feni River

  • River in the Indian state of Tripura and southeastern Bangladesh.
  • It is a trans-boundary river with an ongoing dispute about water rights.
  • The Feni River originates in South Tripura district and flows through Sabroom town and then enters Bangladesh.

Source : The Hindu

GS III : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc


Download as Pdf : 23 April 2017

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