21 April 2017

NDMA conducts its first mock exercise on forest fire in Uttarakhand

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) conducted a first-of-its-kind State-level mock exercise on forest fire in Uttarakhand.

Key facts

  • The mock exercise, aimed at assessing the efficacy of integrating the preparedness and response mechanisms of the forest department with those of the district administration, has been conducted in collaboration with the State Government.
  • The exercise is significant as almost 70 per cent of the State’s geographical area is under forests and incidents of forest fires are commonplace.
  • The simulation exercise was conducted simultaneously at multiple locations.
  • It includes residential areas adjoining forests, across all 13 districts covering different types of forests and varying degrees of severity of forest fires.
  • The exercises were conducted in coordination with various agencies, such as fire, forest, Army, health, police, National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) and civil defense.

National Disaster Management Authority

  • An agency of the Ministry of Home Affairs whose primary purpose is to coordinate response to natural or man-made disasters and for capacity-building in disaster resiliency and crisis response.
  • NDMA was established through the Disaster Management Act enacted by the Government of India in December 2005.
  • 9-member board chaired by the Prime Minister of India. The remainder of the board consists of members nominated based on their expertise in areas such as, planning, infrastructure management, communications, meteorology and natural sciences.
  • The day-to-day management of the agency is overseen by the office of the Vice Chair.
  • The agency is responsible for framing policies, laying down guidelines and best-practices and coordinating with the State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) to ensure a holistic and distributed approach to disaster management.

Covered on 18 April 2017

Source : Pib

GS III : Disaster and disaster management

Legal Aid and Empowerment initiatives launched

Minister of Law & Justice and Electronics & IT, launched of three key legal aid and empowerment initiatives of the Department of Justice – including

  1. Pro bono legal services
  2. Tele law service
  3. Nyaya Mitra scheme.

Also mentioned that the country’s legal system would be digitally transformed, as digital inclusion holds the key to the country’s march towards Digital India.

Pro bono legal Services

  • The initiative is a web based platform, through which interested lawyers can register themselves to volunteer pro bono services for the underprivileged litigants, who are unable to afford it.
  • The Department of Justice has launched the online application for this initiative on its website doj.gov.in.
  • Through this online portal, litigants from marginalised communities (including members of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, women, children, senior citizens, persons with low income and persons with disabilities) can also apply for legal aid and advice from the pro bono lawyers.
  • It is a step’ towards fulfilling the mandate of quality legal aid for all and help in fulfilling the constitutional mandate of legal aid for all.

Tele Law Service

  • Second initiative the Department of Justice and National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) are partnering with Common Service Centers (CSC)- E- Governance Service Limited for mainstreaming legal aid to the marginalized communities through the Common Service Centers (CSCs).
  • This initiative, called Tele Law is aimed at facilitating delivery of legal advice through an expert panel of lawyers stationed at the State Legal Services Authorities (SLSA).
  • The project would connect lawyers with clients through video conferencing facilities at CSCs operated by para legal volunteers.
  • For this purpose, this initiative would also play a pivotal role in empowering 1000 women para legal volunteers.
  • Using CSCs for mainstreaming legal aid services for the marginalized at the panchayat levels would ensure that legal aid reaches populations which remained untouched due to geographical challenges and/or lack of infrastructure.
  • The project would be launched across 1800 panchayats in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, North Eastern States and Jammu & Kashmir.

Nyaya Mitra scheme

  • It is a justice facilitation mechanism introduced to reduce case pendency at the district level.
  • Addressing the issue of more than 2.4 crore cases in the lower judiciary, the scheme will place a special focus on cases that are pending for over 10 years, which will be identified through the National Judicial Data Grid.
  • The program will create a Nyaya Mitra in each selected district who will be retired judicial (or executive) officer to provide legal assistance and connect litigants to CSCs, government agencies and civil society organisations.
  • The Nyaya Mitra will also responsible for referring marginalised applicants to Lok Adalats and assist in prison reforms within the region.
  • The initiative will be launched in 227 districts selected by the Department of Justice.

Source : Pib

GS II : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

C-DOT develops CCSP to make smart cities more efficient, economical and future proof

C-DOT develops CCSP (C-DOT Common Service Platform) to make smart cities more efficient, economical and future proof.

C-DOT Common Service Platform

  • Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT) has developed CCSP(C-DOT Common Service Platform), the oneM2M  (Machine to Machine) standards compliant common service platform which can be deployed on any off-the-shelf generic server platforms or cloud infrastructure.
  • The business application providers can deploy their oneM2M compliant applications in either co-located infrastructure or on any public or private cloud.
  • Using the CCSP platform from C-DOT, the smart cities can reap all the benefits of using a standards compliant horizontal service layer and thus be more efficient, economical and future proof.
  • Along with the CCSP C-DOT has also developed various oneM2M indigenously designed hardware nodes like AND (Application Dedicated Node), ASN (Application Service Node) and MN(Middle node).
  • To effectively showcase the strength of the platform, C-DOT has also developed various applications like Smart Living, Smart Street Light, Carbon Footprint Monitoring Application and Power Monitoring which are fully oneM2M compliant.
  • C-DOT has also participated in two international interoperability events where the CCSP and the ADN were tested for interoperability with many other oneM2M compliant nodes from various international organisations like Interdigital, Herit, Huawei, HPE, NTT, KETI, LAAS-CNRS etc.


  • The Telecom Technology development centre of the Government of India. It was established in August 1984 as an autonomous body.
  • It was vested with full authority and total flexibility to develop state-of-the-art telecommunication technology to meet the needs of the Indian telecommunication network.
  • C-DOT has expanded to develop intelligent computer software applications.
  • The key objective was to build a centre for excellence in the area of telecom technology.

Cloud Infrastructure

  • Cloud infrastructure refers to a virtual infrastructurethat is delivered or accessed via a network or the Internet.
  • This usually refers to the on-demand services or products being delivered through the model known as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), a basic delivery model of cloud computing.
  • This is a highly automated offering where computing resources complemented with storage and networking services are provided to the user.

Source : Pib, C DOT

GS II : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

Download as Pdf : 21 April 2017


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