Indo-Canadian Science Programme on Clean Water Technology
About the Programme
- Collaboration Department of Biotechnology and Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology are with The India-Canada Centre for Innovation Multidisciplinary Partnerships
- To Accelerate Community Transformation and Sustainability (IC-IMPACTS) to promote multidisciplinary research partnerships.
- Five projects addressing the issue of Clean Water Technologies are being implemented by the Departments at the total cost of Rs. 572 lakhs with matched funding from Canada.
Development and outcomes
- Biosensors for detection of toxins:- Impedance-based handheld biosensors for assessment of the water quality and a nanoparticle based water treatment system to eliminate toxins and microorganisms in water. Toxins which will be detected are cyanotoxin (microcystins, anatoxins) and microorganisms (Enterococcus, Salmonella, Staphylococcus).
- Heavy metal detection and removal : Plastic cartridges for color based test monitoring kit for detection of multiplex heavy metal. Developing fixed bed biochar columns to remove heavy metals from waste water
- Biorecovery from waste water ( waste to wealth) :- Integrated pilot-scale 915 MHz MW-AOP for advanced anaerobic digestion system for resource recovery.
- Survey to identify and explore alternatives in domestic water management:- technology and financial appropriateness of water and wastewater infrastructure in selected cities of India
Implementation of Programme
The technologies are being adapted and modified for Indian conditions. Technologies developed will be taken for feasibility studies and shall be implemented on pilot scale within two years.
Source : PIB
GS III : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Parliament clears HIV Bill
Important provision of the bill
- Rights of Person : The bill promises equal rights to the people affected by HIV and AIDS in getting treatment, admissions in educational institutions and jobs.
- Discrimination : The bill emphasizes that there will be no discrimination against persons infected with HIV on ground of treatment, employment and workplace. If someone fails to adhere to the provisions of the bill, he/she will be penalised.
- Guardianship : The bill also has provisions to safeguard the property rights of HIV positive people, which means that every HIV infected person below the age of 18 years has the right to reside in a shared household and enjoy the facilities of the household.
- Test and Medial treatment : The bill also ensures that no HIV test, medical treatment or research will be conducted on an infected person without his informed consent.
- Disclosure : It also has a provision under which no person shall be compelled to disclose his HIV status except with his informed consent, and if required, only by a court order.
- The Bill also prohibits any individual from publishing information or advocating feelings of hatred against HIV positive persons and those living with them.
Source : The Hindu
GS III : Development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
SAMPADA : Revamped National Food Processing Mission
Aim of National Policy
- Inclusive growth in partnership with the States with the overarching goal of providing remunerative return to farmers.
- The model Policy focuses on development of clusters based on production strength of different regions to enable a targeted and coordinated approach for developing the food processing industry and bringing down wastages.
- As a step in this direction, the Ministry has proposed to undertake mapping of areas of fruits &vegetables and other perishable production in different States with the target to set up agro processing clusters.
- The revamped mission will be called SAMPADA — or the Scheme for Agro-Marine Produce Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters.
- It will complete the on-going Mega Food Parks and take up more cold chain projects.
- The mission will also involve launch of three new schemes – Creation/Expansion of Food Processing and Preservation Capacities, New Agro-Processing Clusters and Backward and Forward Linkages.
- The ‘SAMPADA’ mission will have an outlay of Rs 6,000 crore, and it will integrate current and new schemes.
- It will be implemented by 2019-20 fiscal.
Challenges and Steps taken for post Harvest losses
- Post-harvest losses which currently are Rs.92,000 crores annually,
- The facilities set up by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries like 42 Mega Food Parks and 234 Cold Chain Projects gets a new boost from SAMAPDA
- Created for preserving and processing capacity of 139 lakh Metric Tonnes of Agro Produce with a value of Rs.35,000 crores
- Apart from reducing wastage, the projects will generate employment for 3.5 lakh persons and benefit 15 lakh farmers, it said.
Source : The Hindu
GS-III : Food processing and related industries in India
URJA MITRA App’ and Rural Feeder Monitoring Scheme’
The Government is engaged in preparing the Nation to truly get 24×7 affordable, quality and uninterrupted adequate power. Minstry launch of ‘URJA MITRA App’ and inauguration of the ‘Rural Feeder Monitoring Scheme’
- Empowers citizens by real time information sharing on power supply.
- The app is a first of its kind application which provides a central platform, Web-Portal (www.urjamitra.com) as well as Mobile App (iOS version and android version), for State Power Distribution utilities
- To disseminate power outage information to urban/rural power consumers across India through SMS/email/push notifications.
Rural Feeder Monitoring Scheme
- The Government has launched ‘Rural Feeder Monitoring Scheme’ to monitor the quantity and quality parameters of power supply in rural areas of the country.
- The entire data shall also be hosted on National Power Portal (NPP) on real time basis and may be accessed by various stake holders through web services.
- Government has set December 2017 as the deadline to achieve 100% rural feeder monitoring by installing additional meters and modems on all feeders across the country, in order to facilitate real time communication of faults appearing in the power supply.
- These meters would be geo-tagged to pin point the cause and location of the fault and address it at the earliest
Source : PIB
GS III : Infrastructure: Energy
Download as PDF : 13 April 2017