The index was unveiled recently as part of the Human Development Report (HDR) 2016 titled Human Development for Everyone published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
How it measures
The HDI is a measure for assessing countries progress in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life (life expectancy), access to knowledge and access to a decent standard of living.
Highlights of Report – 2106
Norway : 0.949 score, Australia : 0.939 and Switzerland (0.939).
- India was ranked 131 in the 2016 Human Development Index (HDI) among the 188 countries.
- India scored 0.624 and was placed in medium human development category.
- Life expectancy at birth in India, it has increased from 68 years to an average of 68.3 years — 69.9 years for women and 66.9 years for men.
- Access to knowledge: India’s expected years of schooling remains t 11.7 years, while mean years of schooling increased from 5.4 to 6.3 years.
- Gender Inequality Index (GII): India ranked 125 among 159 countries. Only 12.2% of Parliament seats are held by women. 8% of women above the age of 15 years are part of India’s labour force — compared to 79.1% men. The ratio of maternal mortality is 174 against every 100,000 live births.
India’s Neighbours : Pakistan (147), Sri Lanka (73) and Maldives (105) (131), Bhutan (132), Bangladesh (139), Nepal (144), and Afghanistan (169).
Russia (49), Brazil (79), China (90), South Africa (119)