ISRO : INDIA’S Space Organisation

Indian Space Research Organisation is the space agency of the Indian government headquartered in the city of Bengaluru

  • ISRO built India’s first satellite Aryabhata which was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April in 1975.
  • The father of space program is Vikram Sarabhai
  • The organisation is brought under the Department of Space


Why ISRO recently in news

  • Launched 20 satellite in a single mission surpass 2008 record of launching satellite
  • It includes 17 foreign satellit, 2 Indian university satellite and primary cartosat-2 series
  • The ISRO launched satellite of Indonesia, USA, Germany, Canada

What is cartosat-2 satellite ? What are the application ?

  • It is an indigenously  built satellite which is an earth observationary satellite part of Indian Remote Sensing Program
  •  5 satellite launched by ISRO till now


  • Catographic Application
  • Coastal land use and regulation
  • Utility management like road, networking
  • Urban and rural application

How it launched

  • Lifted with the help of PSLV6 (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle)
  • PSVL is the third generation of launch vehicle
  • It has 4 stages using solid and liquid propulsion systems alternatively
  • There are different generation in the Launch vehicle
  • First Generation is SLV (Satellite Launch Vehicle)
  • Second Generation is ASLV (Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle)
  • Third Generation is PSLV
  • Fouth Generation is GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle)

Space research across the World

  • 70 nations claimed as of 2015
  • According to the Space Foundation list in 2010 52 nation had satellite in the orbit and 13 of those have launch capability
  • Countries with launch capabilities are
  1. China National Space Admission
  2. European Space Agency
  3. ISRO
  4. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
  5. NASA
  6. Russian Federal Space Agency
  • Also Iran, Israel, Italy, North Korea, South Korea, France, Ukraine have the launching capability
  • ESA and NASA are the strongest. Russia have funding problem

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